The Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) is a certification which objectively quantifies, according to internationally recognized scientific methods, the overall environmental impact of the production, marketing and consumption of a good or service. The EPD is based on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology, which takes into account all consumption of natural resources (water, energy, raw materials) and all releases into the environment (from CO2 though to waste) which occur, right from the cultivation stage through to the relevant packaging materials going to landfill. The LCA model also calculates the contribution of the product's life cycle to the main phenomena changing our environment, such as global warming, acid rain and water pollution. The EPD is a certification approved by an entity which is independent of the company (Environdec) with a review process that ensures the accuracy and validity of the data and calculation methods used.
Holding an Environmental Product Declaration demonstrates a willingness to communicate – objectively, transparently and fully – the environmental impact of a business and the phenomena connected to it. The EPD permits the assessment of these impacts not only in absolute terms, but also by way of comparison between products and services from the same category (e.g. pasta, etc...) or from different supply and consumption chains. In this way, consumers and trade buyers can evaluate the comparative environmental impacts of their purchasing decisions. Finally, a completed EPD allows the company to have all the relevant and meaningful information at hand in order to put schemes in place to minimise the environmental impacts of its products.
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